Kaumātuatanga - The Needs and Wellbeing of Older Māori

Kaumatuatanga Report

What is the purpose of the research document?

Aotearoa is experiencing unprecedented growth of its elderly population. By 2021 it is expected that one in eight Māori will be aged 65 and over – a change from one in 33 in 2001. The ageing population is more diverse ethnically, socially and culturally than ever before.

To be prepared for this change it is important for us to know what this means for Kaumātua wellbeing, and what we as the Whānau Ora Commissioning Agency for the North Island need to consider for future policy and planning. By understanding Kaumātua needs and current use of Whānau Ora services helps inform us – and our Whanau Ora partners – what future requirements will be necessary to meet the need of this changing demographic.

What does this report provide?
A snapshot of Kaumātua needs and aspirations; captures their voiced concerns. The report also looks at the types of services that Kaumātua are currently using within the Whānau Ora provisions, and where gaps are for Partners wanting to meet Kaumātua needs.

Highlights that Kaumātua vulnerabilities are diverse and include housing, transport, using technology, navigating and accessing services, and managing daily health needs including mental health and loneliness.

Seeks to create a platform for stakeholder discussions on understanding the ageing population and the impacts for commissioning priorities, Partners services, and advocacy focus.

Key highlights

  • In 2001 one in 33 Māori were 65 years or over, by 2021 it will be one in eight Māori.
  • The NZ ageing population is more diverse ethnically, socially and culturally than ever.
  • There is currently not enough evidence of concerns, challenges and future aspirations from ageing Māori both urban and rural
  • Shows services now provided through our Whānau Ora Partners and what we should be considering regarding policy, advocacy, planning and leadership – given the projected trends.
  • Data sources for this study – surveys, interviews and extensive literature review
  • 69.7% of Whānau Ora Partners currently provide specific services/support for Kaumātua
  • Majority of services outside Whānau Ora did not incorporate Māori components to Kaumātua support.
  • Whānau Ora has provided a vehicle to deliver wellbeing services for Kaumātua in the absence of specific contracts.

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He Ara Hōu - Frameworks and practices of Māori Commissioning

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Māori Commissioning Report

What is the purpose of the research document?

The purpose of this research document is to provide TPM with information on whether any other Māori organisation or any other indigenous peoples around the world have attempted to do what TPM is currently doing: commissioning by Māori for Māori.

It will guide the approach to Māori commissioning by identifying existing Māori commissioning/funder agencies and how kaupapa Māori epistemology and Whānau Ora goals are represented in established Māori funding agencies. The research also presents a snapshot of the literature around International indigenous examples of commissioning and funding models, which will enable TPM to contribute to the dialogue on culturally responsive and appropriate models.

What are the key findings?

  • There is little literature locally or internationally on Māori/Indigenous models of funding, but there is research around what Māori providers would consider “best practice” in regards to effective commissioning or funding.
  • Of the four New Zealand funders (2 funding by Māori for Māori, two non-Māori funding for Māori) who were interviewed in regards to their funding practices for Māori all reported an awareness of the need to incorporate a Māori worldview into their funding frameworks and activities.
  • Although the nature and extent of inclusion of kaupapa Māori principles within frameworks varied, all funders had at least some aspects within their overarching philosophies.
  • Māori staff of the interviewed funders felt like they had always incorporated and worked within te ao Māori and using kaupapa Māori principles.
  • The most innovative, risk-taking and unrestricted approaches to funding in terms of incorporating Māori principles within their framework and their approach to funding came from the philanthropic funders that were interviewed.

How will these findings help support whānau?

The research highlights a “wish list” of what Māori providers (based on their knowledge of how to effectively help whānau) see as the best and most effective way of commissioning. By taking account of this information TPM will be able to listen to the needs of whānau.

How will these findings help support TPM?

Knowing what has worked for other funders in regards to creating models of commissioning for Māori will underpin the overall strategy and aims and goals of TPM. The funders that were able to be the most innovative and risk taking also had the best results in regards to commissioning for Māori, hence this is something that can support what TPM is already doing, and inform any new developments in their commissioning activities.

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Māori Descent Population Profile Te Ika a Māui

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Māori Descent Population Profile

What is the purpose of the research document?

The purpose of this research document is to provide Te Pou Matakana (TPM) and other interested organisations with current information on the Māori descent population that will be useful to have on hand to help inform decision making processes.

It provides current baseline information on the Māori descent population split by North Island and South Island populations, and split by Māori electorate areas. This document will be utilised within TPM’s planning and commissioning processes to provide TPM’s Board with information to help aid decision making. This baseline data may also be used as proxy indicators to measure outcomes over time.

What are the key findings?

The Māori descent population within Te Ika-a-Māui differed from that within Te Waipounamu, across a number of key demographic and social status variables, including for example: having a much larger population size, having greater proportions who identify with Māori ethnicity and speak te reo Māori, and having a much larger proportion of the population living in high deprivation areas. The Māori descent population also varied across Māori electorates in a number of key demographic and social status variables, including for example: the proportions of those who identify with Māori ethnicity and speak te reo Māori, having an Iwi affiliation, and the proportions of Māori living in high deprivation areas.

How will these findings help support whānau?

Knowing key demographic and social status information on whānau helps provide decision makers with relevant information to make appropriate decisions relating to whānau and how the commissioning activities will support whānau aspirations.

How will these findings help support TPM?

Knowing key demographic and social status information on individuals and whānau helps provide TPM’s decision makers with relevant information to make appropriate decisions relating to commissioning activities and how these will support whānau aspirations.

How will these findings help support Whānau Ora Partners and Providers?

Knowing key demographic and social status information on individuals and whānau specific to particular TPM service provider regions will help the TPM service provider better support the aspirations of their whānau.

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